Monuments and Landmarks of Historic San Marino
On the top of Mount Titano is the
old-town centre. This original settlement is surrounded by massive medieval
walls, constructed entirely of stone and can only be accessed on foot. The
main piazza is interlaced by narrow streets and lined with historical buildings
The Three Fortresses is the definitive
image of San Marino, and are linked by a path that runs along the entire mountain
ridge. Inside the second Fortress is the Museum
of Historical Weapons, and located in the higher part of town
is the Basilica del Santo.
Still in the old-town center is the Church of San
Pietro. This sacred place is where Saint Marinus and Leo
lay to rest. Within walking distance is another significant landmark, the Church of San Francesco. This church
has an art gallery attached to it, which dates back to the 14th century. Also
close at hand is the recently-restored Palazzo Pergami,
the majestic structure that houses both the Church
of the Cappuccini and the State Museum.
Piazza della Liberta` is the main
city center where the Government Building
stands. The public can visit the Great and General Council Room inside the
building to admire the 19th century fresco by the Roman artist Retrosi.
Behind the Government Building is the Cava dei Balestrieri, wherethe locals stage medieval festivals, complete with crossbowmen
and flag-throwers. Exhibits of contemporary artists can be admired by everyone
at the adjacent Gallery of Modern Art.
Along the famous Contrada Omerelli
are historical buildings that serve as ministry offices. In the same street
is a reconditioned 17th century monastery. The convent now houses the University
and the deconsecrated church is used for conferences.
Lastly, at the heart of Piazza Sant’Agata is Teatro
Titano, the grand theater and center of entertainment in San Marino.